Кто-нибудь бывал в еврейских катакомбах Рима? Как оно там (в смысле, практических советов по посещению)? Что значит "open by appointment"?
"There are six known Jewish catacombs in Rome, two of which are open to the public: Vigna Randanini and Villa Torlonia.
The Jewish catacombs were discovered in 1918, and archaeological excavations continued for twelve years. The structure has two entrances, one on via Syracuse and the other inside Villa Torlonia. The catacombs extend for more than 13,000 square metres (140,000 sq ft), and date back to the period between the 2nd and 3rd centuries, and possibly remained in use until the 5th century. There are almost a century of epitaphs, but these do not show any examples of a particular relief, beyond some rare frescoes showing the classic Jewish religious symbols."
"In 1919 a large underground 3rd- and 4th-century Jewish catacomb was discovered in the north-west area of the grounds. In 1925 the Villa was given to Mussolini as a residence, where he remained until 1943, with few changes to the aboveground structures.
Underground, an air-raid shelter was first constructed in the garden of the villa, and then, in a second stage of building, a much larger and more complex airtight bunker was constructed under the villa itself, with the intention of resisting both aerial bombardment and chemical warfare.
In June 1944 the property was all occupied by the Allied High Command which remained there until 1947."
"The Vigna Randanini are Jewish Catacombs on the left side of the Appian Way .
These catacombs that were discovered in 1859, reused a pagan building, to which was added a vaulted ceiling and a floor mosaic with black and white tiles.
The Hypogeum consists of two main galleries, divided into several branches. There are niches carved into the walls, cubicles with arcosolia and some tombs."