January 5th, 2012

(no subject)

Если все пойдет по планы, то в субботу утром представитель еврейской гемайнды (точнее Israelische Gemeenschap) откроет специально для меня старинную синагогу "Неве Шалом". Как я понимаю, община на утреннее богослужение теперь собирается раз в две недели (не на этой неделе), раввина нет, точнее, курирующий их раввин (реформист) сидит в Амстердаме. Сейчас там собирается пара десятков человек, а когдато был весь свет общества, богатые люди.

Суринамская община представляла собой автономию, государство в государстве, затерянное в джунглях, со своим правлением, своей самообороной и т.п. Верховный орган почему-то назавался "Махамад".

А вот что пишут на Кулану:

Today, there are 12 different tribes, or clans, of Ndjukas that formed when slaves escaped from the plantations by fleeing into the bush and building communities. One of the twelve tribes is called the Dyu (pronounced Jew) clan, and the members of the village that I lived in happen to be of that clan. Another group of Maroons called the Boni, or Aluku, also have twelve clans, one of which is a Ayu clan. Several villages comprised of Dyu People are located on the Cottica, Marowijne, Tapanahoni, and Lawa rivers in Eastern Suriname, as well as by the man-made Brokopondo Dam, which displaced approximately 5,000 Maroons in the center of the country along the Suriname River. Later on, I discovered another Aukan clan with a connection to Jews. This group is called the Pinasi clan, apparently named after an Espinoza Jewish family. Although the names of some clans seemed to show a direct connection to Jewish residents of Suriname, other connections were more subtle.

Within my first few months, I visited a village along the river, deeper and more isolated in the rainforest. The village, which sat atop an oasis of white sand, had been interested in having a Peace Corps volunteer. In order to build a relationship and set the stages for contact with our office, I visited with several of the village elders and the head of the women's group. Her last name: Dyu.

The more I heard, the more uncomfortable I felt. A widely used derogatory term for the Ndjukas, and actually all Maroons, is Juka. Many believe the translation is "Jew feces" and is a reference to the slaves that disposed of the Jews' excrement. Later, I heard another theory of the etymology of the word Juka, i.e., that it is derived from an Igbo word. The Igbo are one of many ethnic groups that were brought as slaves to Suriname from Central and West Africa.

Since I left Suriname in July 2008, I have been able to research the connection between Maroons and Jews in more depth (there is still much work that needs to be done). I now know that the Aukan ethnic group of Maroons is named after a Jewish plantation called Auka, located near Jodensavanne, an important Jewish historical site.
(автор -- явный мудак)