February 1st, 2012

Была ли римская амуниция у греков, с которыми воевали Маккавеи?

Кто-то недавно писал про детскую ханукальную картинку, на которой греческая армия была изображена не в виде македонской фаланги, а в виде римских легионeров.

Я тогда подумал, интересно, что известно про греко-сирийскую армию Селевкидов II в до н. э., и так ли уж она была похожа на македонскую армию? Кто-то еще издевался, вот авторы религиозных книжек дураки, но детям не будешь же это говорить! Тогда я про это забыл, а сейчас заглянул в Википедию и вот что прочитал про армию Антиоха IV и битву с Маккавеями:

'Romanized' infantry

In 166 BC, at the Daphne Parade under Antiochus IV, the Argyraspides corps is only seen to be 5,000 strong. However 5,000 troops armed in the Roman fashion are present and they are described as being in the prime of their life, perhaps denoting their elite nature.[11] It is possible that the missing 5,000 men of the Argyraspides were the 5,000 'Romanized' infantry marching alongside them. The training of a segment of the royal guard in "Roman' methods was probably down to several factors. Firstly Antiochus IV had 'spent part of his early life in Rome and had acquired rather an excessive admiration for Rome's power and methods".[12] Secondly the future wars that the Seleucids might be fighting would probably be in the eastern satrapies against mobile enemies and other large areas of land. Training troops in this way would add to the overall efficiency and capability of the army and make it more manoeuvrable. Indeed the 'Romanized' troops are seen facing the Maccabees at the Battle of Beth Zechariah in 162 BC.[13] Thirdly the defeat of the Antigonids at the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC was a great culture shock, showing the complete destruction of the Macedonian military system at the hands of the Roman legion.