Dutch Jews contributed to the development of the "Spice Islands". An early Jewish settlement existed in the Sunda Islands but its date and extent are not known. In the 1850's the Jerusalem emissary Jacob Saphir, who visited Batavia (Jakarta), Java, met an Amsterdam Jewish merchant who named 20 Jewish families of Dutch or German origin there, including members of the Dutch colonial forces, and some Jews living in Semarang and Surabaya. They had few links with Judaism. At the request of Saphir, the Amsterdam community sent a rabbi who tried to organize congregations in Batavia and Semarang.
The Jewish cemetery in Surabaya, Indonesia