"Polymer Amide as an Early Topology"
"This polymer in the gas phase has the properties to make a topology, viz. hydrophobicity allowing phase separation from bulk water, capability to withstand large temperature ranges, versatility of form and charge separation."
"The polymer made 15 intermolecular hydrogen bonds to the cluster of 37 water molecules. The water molecules are hydrogen bonded to one another and at the interface with the polymer to the polymer also. This represents a phase separated material topology of hydrophobic polymer on one face and a water cluster on the other. This topological process of phase separation of a water cluster and HPA was observed by us in the experimental work on HPA ."
"We also note that when this protein is associated with lipid it forms tubes that branch and twist (figures 1 and 2). This topology facilitates entry and exit of substrates and allows substrates to be held on catalytic walls in small conduits preventing the products from crystallizing, in contrast with the structure of vesicles in water, which does not allow entry and exit and may not prevent product crystallization."