מכל מלמדײ השכלתי (duchifat) wrote,
מכל מלמדײ השכלתי

родственники Тенгри (всякая чертовщина)


Слон ловит летящего Тенгу

Tengu come in various shapes. Most commonly they are humanoids with bird-like features, with the low-ranking karasu-tengu (烏天狗, karasu-tengu?), ko-tengu (小天狗, ko-tengu?) or ko-no-hatengu (木の葉天狗, ko-no-hatengu?) portrayed as the most bird-like. These have faces that may be red or green as well as black, and they often have human ears and hair. Their beaks are sometimes lined with sharp teeth, and they have clawed, birdlike hands and feet. They have wings as well, sometimes shown as beating extremely fast like those of a hummingbird.[1] Their wings and tails are feathered, as may be the entire body. Coloration varies, but they are generally depicted with red clothing, hair, or skin. They sometimes carry ring-topped staffs called shakujo to fight with or to ward off evil magic.

The yamabushi-tengu (山伏天狗, yamabushi-tengu?), õ-tengu (大天狗, õ-tengu?) or dai-tengu are more human-like than their karasu cousins. They are tall beings with red skin or red faces, their most unnatural feature being their extremely long noses, their purpose in tales often being to parody Buddhism[2]. They often carry a staff (bo) or a small mallet. They sometimes have birdlike features as well, such as wings or a feathered cloak. Some legends give them hauchiwa fans made from feathers or the leaves of the Aralia japonica shrub, which they can use either to control the length of their noses or to cause gale-force winds.[3] Other kinds of tengu include the dog-like guhin, and the kappa-like shibatengu. Tengu can change their appearance to that of an animal (often a bird[4], fox, or tanuki) or a human being, though they usually retain some vestige of their true form, such as an unusually long nose or a bird-like shadow. Tengu are almost always portrayed in the dress of mountain hermits (yamabushi), Buddhist monks or priests. Although they often have wings and can fly, they are generally able to magically teleport as well.

Tengu inhabit the mountains of Japan, preferring deep forests of pine and cryptomeria.[3] They are particularly associated with Mt. Takao and Mt. Kurama.[5] The land of the tengu is known as Tengudō,[6] which may be a specific physical location, a part of some spiritual realm, or simply a name for any tengu settlement.

Legends often describe tengu society as hierarchical.[5] The karasu tengu act as servants and messengers for the yamabushi tengu. At the top sits the tengu king, the white-haired Sōjōbō who lives on Mt. Kurama.[1] In addition, many areas of Japan claim to be haunted by other named tengu, often worshipped in shrines. Though invariably pictured as male, tengu lay and hatch from eggs.[5]

Konoha-tengu are associated with Sarutahiko, the Shintō god of crossroads, pathways, and overcoming obstacles. The association most likely arises from that god's proboscis like nose.[3] Other works, such as F. Hadland Davis's Myths and Legends of Japan say that the Tengu came from the god Susanoo.[5] Their birdlike characteristics lead to associations with Garuda as well.[6]

Tengu are capricious creatures, and legends alternately describe them as benevolent or malicious. In their more mischievous moods, tengu enjoy playing pranks that range from setting fires in forests or in front of temples to more grave offenses, such as eating people (though this is rare). Tengu enjoy posing as human beings to dupe lost mountain travelers. They tend to take friendly forms, such as wandering hermits. After gaining a victim's trust, the tengu may simply toy with him by, for example, flying him around on a saucer-like contraption[3] or immersing him in a masterfully created illusion. Alternately, the tengu may kidnap him, a practice known as kami kakushi or tengu kakushi — divine or tengu kidnapping. Victims often awaken far from where they were taken with no memory of the lost time. Missing children are also often blamed on the tengu. Kidnapped children that are found are usually in a dazed, brainwashed state. Tengu may also communicate with people as if by telepathy, and they are sometimes accused of possessing human beings or taking over their minds. Because of their malicious tricks, people sometimes leave offerings to keep the creatures from bothering them (usually rice and bean paste). Historically, Buddhist monks have been one of their favorite targets.

Kurama-dera, a temple in the mountains of KyotoTengu are proud, vengeful, and easily insulted. They are particularly intolerant of the arrogant, blasphemous, those who misuse power or knowledge for their own gain, and those who disrupt tengu-inhabited forests.[5] This particularly compels them to pursue crooked monks and priests, and in earlier eras, samurai (in fact, some traditions say that the arrogant themselves are reincarnated as tengu).[1] [5] They are sometimes shown with political instincts as well, meddling in the affairs of humanity to keep mankind from becoming too powerful or disruptive. Despite their intolerance for such behavior in others, tengu are notoriously egotistical, leading to the phrase tengu ni naru ("to become a tengu"), i.e., to be boastful.[1]

They are not immortal, and a seriously wounded tengu will change into a bird (often a crow or a bird of prey) and fly away. At least one legend claims that tengu can be reincarnated as human beings if they behave altruistically during their lives.

Тенгу с тфилином (филактерией) на голове

The tengu most likely have their origins in China. The name "tengu" is written with the same characters as, and most likely derived from the Chinese Tiangou ("heavenly dog"), the Dog Star of Chinese astrology,[3] or possibly a name given to a dog-tailed meteor that struck China in the 6th century BC. The name of this star comes from the Latin Sīrius, from Greek Σείριος (Seirios, "glowing" or "scorcher"). As the major star of the "Big Dog" constellation, it is often called the "Dog Star". The Latin name for this star is Canicula ("little dog") and in Arabic: الشعرى aš-ši‘rā in Islamic astronomy, from which the alternate name Al Shira derives. In Sanskrit, it is known as Mrgavyadha ("antelope hunter") or Lubdhaka ("hunter"). As Mrgavyadha, the star represents Shiva. In Chinese the star is known as 天狼星 (Tiānláng xīng literally, “heavenly wolf star”). The Japanese pronunciation is Tenrōsei


Tengu monster from Ninja Sentai Kakuranger


Shiftry (ダーテング, Dātengu in Japan?, Tengulist in Germany and Tengalice in France) is a fictional character from the Pokémon franchise. Shiftry's English name is a portmanteau of the words shifty and tree. This is a fitting name for an untrustworthy (or shifty) grass type. The Japanese name refers to tengu sprits. Shiftry appears in Chapter 222 of Pokémon Adventures, which is in volume 18. In it, Norman is attacked by a wild Shiftry. Though it is a tough opponent, he easily defeats it with his Slaking, and the other Gym Leaders admit their respect for him. Yes he does. Shiftry, is, to be put bluntly, the polar opposite of its happy, dancing counterpart, Ludicolo. Rather, Shiftry is a mysterious being in the Pokémon world, for not much is known about its lifestyle. It therefore has deep folklore attached to its image. It is said to arrive by the chilly winds of Winter, and it is said to be a fearsome guardian of the deep forests it holds sway over. It is known that Shiftry lives deep in the darkness of forests where people generally do not dare venture, and that the Pokémon makes its physical home on the top of toweringly tall trees that have been around for upwards of a thousand years.

A kenku is a bird-like, but flightless, humanoid creature originating in the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game. Kenku typically work as gangs in large cities, where they gather riches through theft and robbery. They are not particularly strong, and therefore tend to use cunning rather than force. Most kenku worship the demon prince Pazuzu.

  • (no subject)

    Согласно Карлу Юнгу, есть вертикальные причинные связи между событиями и есть горизонтальные - синхроничность. (Единственное, увлекаться поиском…

  • (no subject)

    Читаю вот этот странный сайт https://kniganews.org нигде не написано, кто автор. Явно человек хорошо понимаюший проблемы современной физики. Кто…

  • (no subject)

    Немного эзотерики в ленту. Если вы интересуетесь юнговской синхронией (это я тут с одной знакомой преподавательницей танцев из Питера обсуждал), то…

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