מכל מלמדײ השכלתי (duchifat) wrote,
מכל מלמדײ השכלתי
duchifat

Прошла статья про адгезию и трение, написанная в основном аспирантом-бангладешцем (в отличие от аспиранта-бенгальца он хорош), обзорная статья для журнала Biomimetics. Идея этой статьи была в том, что если сделать, например, покрытие взлетно-посадочной полосы или шоссе гидрофобным, то это не значит, что оно станет скользким.

Но статья так себе, да и журнал не супер (опен акцесс пока без импакт-фактора). Основная фишка там - вступление про разные определения биомиметики плюс ссылк на мой блог-пост про лотус на санскрите:
https://www.mdpi.com/2313-7673/5/2/28

"Biomimetics is mimicking living nature for engineering applications. The term biomimetics” was suggested by Otto Schmitt in the 1950s. A similar concept was developed also by Jack E. Steele in 1958 under the name “bionics.” Both concepts were popularized during the next decades; however, today the word “bionics” is common mostly in popular culture, while “biomimetics” is used in scientific and engineering literature. More rigorous definitions (such as the International Organization for Standardization Standard 18458 of 2015) distinguish between biomimetics (“an interdisciplinary cooperation of biology and technology or other fields of innovation with the goal of solving practical problems through the function analysis of biological systems, their abstraction into models, and the transfer into and application of these models to the solution”), bionics (“a technical discipline that seeks to replicate, increase, or replace biological functions by their electronic and/or mechanical equivalents”), biomimicry or biomimetism (“philosophy and interdisciplinary design approaches taking nature as a model to meet the challenges of sustainable development”), and bioinspiration (“a creative approach based on the observation of biological systems”) [1].

Biomimetic approaches are currently quite common in a wide range of fields including materials science, artificial intelligence, robotics, biomedical applications, and so on. Particularly important applications are found in materials science, and they include self‐healing, self‐lubricating, and self‐cleaning materials and surfaces [2].

The most common example of a successful use of biomimetics in surface science is the lotus effect for water‐repellency and self‐cleaning. Among natural leaves, the lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaf exhibits extreme water repellence and hydrophobic behavior. When a water droplet is placed on a lotus leaf surface, the adhesion between the water and dust particles is greater than the adhesion between the dust and the leaf surface. As a result, the water droplet picks up the dust particles and rolls off the leaf surface immediately. The lotus (पुण्डरीक (Puṇḍarīka) or पद्म (Padma) in Sanskrit, পুণ্ডরীক in Bengali, and 蓮華 (Liánhuá) in Chinese) became a symbol of purity in many Asian cultures, as reflected in Hindu and Buddhist sacred texts such as Bhagavat Gita 5:10 (“Having abandoned attachment he acts unaffected by Evil, as Lotus leaf is not wetted”) or the Lotus Sutra 14:46 (“They have learned the bodhisattva way and are untainted by worldly things, just as the lotus flower in the water”); the lotus (سدر (is also mentioned as a symbol of purity in the Quran (Al‐Waqi‘ah 56:28) and the Hadith (The Book of Purification 1:189) [1,3,4]. There are more than 70 words for lotus in Sanskrit [4].


Статью про аллометрию и эргодичность приняли (где Шерри была рецензенткой, плюс дружественный рецензент из Ариэля), решил я ее поставить на Архив, поскольку когда еще Microfluidics and Nanofluidics прочешется.
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  • (no subject)

    На мой взгляд (это я все про трактат Аркадьева думаю), бесконечность возникает не в языке (с его потенциальной возможностью бесконечной рекурсии) а…

  • (no subject)

    Правильно ли я понимаю, что слово "Европа" происходит от финикийского слова для Запада, однокоренного с эрэв, маарав, Магриб и т.п.?

  • (no subject)

    Сформулирую все-таки мнение о трактате Аркадьева. Он заявляет, что сущность человека состоит "в конфликте между языком и доязыковой тенью…

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