מכל מלמדײ השכלתי (duchifat) wrote,
מכל מלמדײ השכלתי
duchifat

Prisca theologia

Научная "парадигма" shut up and calculate (которую любит упоминать ЭБ) - это, на мой взгляд, доведенное до крайности, до карикатуры ньютовское Hypotheses non fingo. Корреляция и есть причинность.

[Впрочем, крайность тоже не предел, Биг Дата (корреляции без каузальности) - запредельная реализация той же идеи (причинности вообще нет, только корреляции).]

Однако для самого Ньютона гравитация имела причину. Эта причина называется "Флейта Пана":

"What is it, by means of which, bodies act on one another at a distance. And to what Agent did the Ancients attribute the gravity of their atoms and what did they mean by railing God an harmony and comparing him & matter (the corporeal part of the Universe) to the God Pan and his Pipe."

"These are passive laws and to affirm that there are no others is to speak against experience. For we find in ourselves a power of moving our bodies by our thought. Life and will are active principles by which we move our bodies and thence arise other laws of motion unknown to us.

And since all matter duly formed is attended with signes of life and all things are framed with perfect art and wisdom and nature does nothing in vain; if there be an universal life and all space by the sensorium of a thinking being who by immediate presence perceives all things in it, as that which thinks in us, perceives their pictures in the brain: those laws of motion arising from life or will may be of universal extent. To some such laws the ancient Philosophers seem to have alluded when they called God Harmony and signified his actuating matter harmonically by the God Pan’s playing upon a Pipe and attributing musick to the spheres made the distances and motions of the heavenly bodies to be harmonical, and represented the Planets by the seven strings of Apollo’s Harp (23)"

"So far I have expounded the properties of gravity. Its cause I by no means recount. Yet I shall say what the ancients thought about this subject. Thales regarded all bodies as animate, deducing that from magnetic and electrical attractions. And by the same argument he ought to have referred the attraction of gravity to the soul of matter. Hence he taught that all things are full of Gods, understanding by Gods animate bodies. He held the sun and the Planets for Gods. And in the same sense Pythagoras, on account of its immense force of attraction, said that the sun was the prison of Zeus, that is, a body possessed of the greatest circuits. And to the mystical philosophers Pan was the supreme divinity inspiring this world with harmonic ratio like a musical instrument and handling it with modulation, according to that saying of Orpheus ‘striking the harmony of the world in playful song’. Thence they named harmony God and soul of the world composed of harmonic numbers. But they said that the Planets move in their circuits by force of their own souls, that is, by force of the gravity which takes its origin from the action of the soul."

McGuire J. E., Rattansi P. M. 1966 Newton and the ‘Pipes of Pan’. Notes Rec. R. Soc. Lond. 21:108–143
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsnr.1966.0014
Tags: XVII век
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